Hydrogen Economy: Net-zero carbon goals by country

Most countries that support green hydrogen have also set carbon neutrality goals.

Carbon neutrality allows keeping a balance between carbon emission and carbon absorption from the atmosphere in carbon sinks. There are several ways to remove/reduce/offset emissions, though all of them are at the initial stages of development or implementations.

Hydrogen as an energy vector has recently grabbed the world’s attention due to its environmentally friendly attributes. Multi-billion investments have been pouring in green and blue hydrogen projects around the world. Hydrogen has also now been considered one of the best solutions to fight emission in hard to abate heavy industries such as steel and cement. It has the ability to directly tackle emission by replacing fossil fuel and is complementing renewable energy.

Carbon emission is a serious issue, and many countries have now agreed to achieve carbon neutrality and set timeframes. Bhutan and Suriname are currently the only two countries that have achieved a negative carbon status.

The UN Secretary-General António Guterres, in his November 2020 address, said that the EU, Japan and South Korea had pledged carbon neutrality by 2050, along with more than 110 other countries.  He further said that by early 2021, countries representing more than 65% of global CO2 emissions and more than 70% of the world economy will have made ambitious carbon neutrality commitments.  But, we are still running behind in the race against time.

On 7th October 2020, the European Parliament backed to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 and set a 60% emission reduction target for 2030 compared to 1990 levels. MEPs now calls to put an additional interim target for 2040 to ensure smooth progress to the final goal.

H2 Bulletin Research team has set up this page to track carbon neutrality targets by country.

RegionTarget YearStatus
North America
Canada2050Proposed Law
USA2050In Policy
Mexico2050Under Consideration
MontserratNANA
Turks and Caicos IslandsNANA
Central and South America
Antigua and Barbuda2050Under Consideration
Argentina2050Under Consideration
ArubaNANA
Bahamas2050Under Consideration
Barbados2050Under Consideration
Belize2050Under Consideration
BermudaNANA
BoliviaNANA
Brazil2060Under Consideration
Chile2050Proposed Law
Colombia2050Under Consideration
Costa Rica2050In Policy
Dominica2050Under Consideration
Dominican Republic2050Under Consideration
Ecuador2050Under Consideration
El SalvadorNANA
Grenada2050Under Consideration
GuatemalaNANA
Guyana2050Under Consideration
Haiti2050Under Consideration
HondurasNANA
Jamaica2050Under Consideration
Nicaragua2050Under Consideration
Panama2050In Policy
ParaguayNANA
Peru2050Under Consideration
Saint Kitts and Nevis2050Under Consideration
Saint Lucia2050Under Consideration
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2050Under Consideration
SurinameAchievedAchieved
Trinidad and Tobago2050Under Consideration
Uruguay2030Under Consideration
VenezuelaNANA
Europe
AlbaniaNANA
Andorra2050In Policy
Austria2040In Policy
Belgium2050Under Consideration
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNANA
Bulgaria2050Under Consideration
Croatia2050Under Consideration
Cyprus2050Under Consideration
Czech Republic2050Under Consideration
Denmark2050In Law
Estonia2050Under Consideration
Finland2035In Policy
France2050In Law
Germany2050In Policy
Greece2050Under Consideration
GreenlandNANA
Hungary2050In Law
Iceland2040In Policy
Ireland2050In Policy
Italy2050Under Consideration
Latvia2050Under Consideration
Lithuania2050Under Consideration
Luxembourg2050Under Consideration
Macedonia2050Under Consideration
Malta2050Under Consideration
Monaco2050Under Consideration
MontenegroNANA
Netherlands2050Under Consideration
Norway2050In Policy
Poland2050Under Consideration
Portugal2050In Policy
Romania2050Under Consideration
SerbiaNANA
Slovakia2050Under Consideration
Slovenia2050In Policy
Spain2050Proposed Law
Sweden2045In Law
Switzerland2050In Policy
TurkeyNANA
United Kingdom2050In Law
CIS
Armenia2050Under Consideration
AzerbaijanNANA
BelarusNANA
GeorgiaNANA
Kazakhstan2060In Policy
KyrgyzstanNANA
MoldovaNANA
RussiaNANA
TajikistanNANA
TurkmenistanNANA
Ukraine2060In Policy
Uzbekistan2050Under Consideration
North Asia
China2060In Policy
Hong Kong2050Under Consideration
Japan2050In Policy
MongoliaNANA
TaiwanNANA
South Korea2050Proposed Law
South East Asia
Brunei DarussalamNANA
Cambodia2050Under Consideration
IndonesiaNANA
Laos2050Under Consideration
MalaysiaNANA
Myanmar2050Under Consideration
PhilippinesNANA
SingaporeBeyond 2050NA
ThailandNANA
Timor-Leste2050Under Consideration
VietnamNANA
South Asia
Afghanistan2050Under Consideration
Bangladesh2050Under Consideration
BhutanAchievedAchieved
India2050Under Consideration
Nepal2050Under Consideration
Pakistan2050Under Consideration
Sri LankaNANA
Oceania
AustraliaNANA
Cook Islands2050Under Consideration
Fiji2050Proposed Law
French PolynesiaNANA
Kiribati2050Under Consideration
Maldives2030Under Consideration
Marshall Islands2050In Policy
Micronesia2050Under Consideration
Nauru2050Under Consideration
New CaledoniaNANA
New Zealand2050In Law
Niue2050Under Consideration
Palau2050Under Consideration
Papua New Guinea2050Under Consideration
Samoa2050Under Consideration
Solomon Islands2050Under Consideration
Tonga2050Under Consideration
Tuvalu2050Under Consideration
Vanuatu2050Under Consideration
Middle East
BahrainNANA
IranNANA
IraqNANA
IsraelNANA
JordanNANA
KuwaitNANA
Lebanon2050Under Consideration
OmanNANA
QatarNANA
Saudi ArabiaBeyond 2065NA
State of PalestineNANA
SyriaNANA
United Arab EmiratesNANA
Yemen2050Under Consideration
Africa
AlgeriaNANA
Angola2050Under Consideration
Benin2050Under Consideration
BotswanaNANA
Burkina Faso2050Under Consideration
Burundi2050Under Consideration
Cabo Verde2050Under Consideration
CameroonNANA
Central African Republic2050Under Consideration
Chad2050Under Consideration
Comoros2050Under Consideration
Congo2050Under Consideration
Djibouti2050Under Consideration
EgyptNANA
Eritrea2050Under Consideration
Ethiopia2050Under Consideration
Gambia2050Under Consideration
GabonNANA
GhanaNANA
Guinea2050Under Consideration
Guinea-Bissau2050Under Consideration
KenyaNANA
Lesotho2050Under Consideration
Liberia2050Under Consideration
LibyaNANA
Madagascar2050Under Consideration
Malawi2050Under Consideration
Mali2050Under Consideration
Mauritania2050Under Consideration
Mauritius2050Under Consideration
MoroccoNANA
Mozambique2050Under Consideration
Namibia2050Under Consideration
Niger2050Under Consideration
NigeriaNANA
Rwanda2050Under Consideration
Sao Tome and Principe2050Under Consideration
Senegal2050Under Consideration
Seychelles2050Under Consideration
Sierra Leone2050Under Consideration
Somalia2050Under Consideration
South Africa2050In Policy
South Sudan2050Under Consideration
Sudan2050Under Consideration
Tanzania2050Under Consideration
Togo2050Under Consideration
TunisiaNANA
Uganda2050Under Consideration
Zambia2050Under Consideration
ZimbabweNANA


Notes: NA means not announced or we were unable to confirm it through reliable publically available sources. 

This article was last updated on 6th April 2021. We update this page regularly. Bookmark this page to stay up to date. 

Andre Nascimento

Andre Nascimento is the Managing Editor at H2 Bulletin. He has over ten years of experience, mostly in the commodities market. Andre has large international experience, including presenting at important conferences in Latin America, Europe and the USA. He has an MBA from London, a Civil Engineering degree from Brazil and Portugal and speaks Portuguese and Spanish. Click on the email icon to send me an email or follow me on social media. I am reachable on Phone: +44 (0) 208 123 7812
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