A report released today by the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development Jerry V. DeMarco concludes that Natural Resources Canada’s strategy overestimated hydrogen’s potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions because unrealistic assumptions were used.
For example, the hydrogen strategy assumed a low price for electricity, the adoption of aggressive and sometimes nonexistent policies, and an ambitious uptake of new technology.
“The failure to appropriately project hydrogen’s impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions could jeopardize Canada’s ability to meet its emission-reduction targets,” said Mr DeMarco. “This is concerning because Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions have increased significantly since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was signed in 1992, making it the worst performer of all Group of 7G7 nations since that time.”
The audit found that Environment and Climate Change Canada estimated that the use of clean hydrogen technologies could produce the equivalent of a 15 megatonne reduction in emissions by 2030, while Natural Resources Canada estimated a contribution of up to 45 megatonnes in its ‘transformational’ scenario. The audit recommends that the federal government adopt a standard framework for estimating future emissions and that Environment and Climate Change Canada improve the quality and transparency of its climate change modelling and use reasonable, cost-effective, and technically feasible assumptions. If implemented, these recommendations will help improve Canada’s climate modelling, not just those aspects related to hydrogen.
Mr DeMarco added, “If hydrogen is to be part of Canada’s plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, then Environment and Climate Change Canada and Natural Resources Canada will need to coordinate their approaches and more effectively model and communicate a pathway for hydrogen.”
The 2022 Reports of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, Report 3—Hydrogen’s Potential to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions is available on the Office of the Auditor General of Canada website.