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BP study confirms green hydrogen at scale in Australia

BP study confirms green hydrogen at scale in Australia

Producing green hydrogen and green ammonia using renewable ‎energy is technically feasible at scale in Western Australia, though it would require significant investment, BP Australia feasibility study reveals.

The production looks more promising in the mid-west of Western Australia due to the existing infrastructure, access to land and ‎abundant renewable energy resources such as wind and solar. Renewable energy ‎can then be converted into the generation of green hydrogen or green ammonia. The study also ‎confirmed strong demand from potential customers in the hard-to-abate sectors and for both local ‎and export markets.

The distribution could be customised to suit customer requirements, including ‎gaseous or liquid hydrogen or ammonia via pipeline, truck, train or ship.

The study also supports the fact that although depending on the location and scale, significant additional infrastructure ‎investment would be required – particularly for port, electricity and water services.‎

The study findings are expected to help BP and Arena to help progress the development and use of green hydrogen energy.‎

Frédéric Baudry, president of BP Australia, said, “bp strongly supports the Australian government’s focus on technology and the Technology ‎Investment Roadmap, which identified hydrogen as priority low-emission technology essential for ‎the decarbonisation of industrial processes.‎”‎

Darren Miller, Arena CEO, said, “bp‎’s analysis of the economic opportunity presented by renewable ‎hydrogen will help Australia determine how it can be scaled-up to satisfy future demand.”

Jason Fonti, GHD Advisory’s origination and value chain leader, commented, “The magic figure is ‎producing hydrogen below $2/kg, and the pathway to get there is becoming clearer.”

The study was initiated in May 2020 and supported by GHD Advisory, Lightsource bp ‎and the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (Arena). It encompassed both the financial ‎and technical implications for a fully integrated renewable hydrogen and ammonia supply chain. It examined the hydrogen supply chain and domestic and export markets on a ‎pilot scale (4,000 tonnes of hydrogen, producing around 20,000 tonnes of ‎ammonia) and commercial scale (200,000 tonnes of hydrogen making about 1 million tonnes of ‎ammonia).

It considered three different hydrogen production technologies (Alkaline, PEM, and a prototype electrolyser technology) and the plant power ‎source was modelled as a mix of solar and wind with some battery support.

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